P. Berlin 3024 - The Debate between a Man and His Soul, col. 113-125

Andreas Stauder Author of the exercise
Easy level

Informations

The Debate between a Man and His Soul, extract. Middle Egyptian literary ... 

Instructions

Transcription

Solution

  • D
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  • Selective bibliography:

-Parkinson, Richard B. The Tale of Sinuhe and Other Ancient Egyptian Poems 1940-1640 BC. Oxford, 1997, 151-165.

-Parkinson, Richard B. Poetry and Culture in Middle Kingdom Egypt. London, New York, 2002, 216-226, 309-310.

-Quirke, Stephen. Egyptian Literature 1800 BC, Questions and Readings. Golden House Publications, Egyptology 2. London, 2004, 130-134.

-Lichtheim, Miriam. Ancient Egyptian Literature. Volume I: The Old and Middle Kingdoms. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London, [1973] 2006, 163-169.

-Allen, James P. The Debate between a Man and His Soul: a Masterpiece of ancient Egyptian Literature. Culture and History of the Ancient Near East 44. Leiden, 2011.

-Parkinson, Richard B., Baylis, Lisa. Four 12th Dynasty Literary Papyri (Pap. Berlin P. 3022-5). A Photographic Record. Berlin, 2012 (with digital photos).

-Allen, James P. Middle Egyptian Literature. Eight Literary Works of the Middle Kingdom. Cambridge, 2015, 327-359.

 

  • Transliteration and translation (after Allen 2015, pp. 349-352):

(113) ḏd.i n mi min

btw m (114) ʿq-jb

sn irr ḥnʿ.f ḫpr (115) m ḫfty

To whom can I speak now?

the one who should be avoided is an intimate,

the brother once acted with has become an enemy.

 

ḏd.i n mi min

n sḫȝ.t(w) sf

(116) n ir.t(w) n ir m tȝ ȝt

To whom can I speak now?

Yesterday is not remembered,

no one does for the doer in this time.

 

ḏd.i n mi min

(117) snw bin

inn.tw m ḏrḏrw (118) r mtt nt ib

To whom can I speak now?

Brothers have become bad;

one resorts to strangers for innermost thoughts.

 

ḏd.i n mi min

ḥrw (119) ḥtm

s nb m ḥr m ẖrw r (120) snw.f

To whom can I speak now?

Faces are obliterated,

every man with face down toward his brothers.

 

ḏd.i n mi min

ibw ʿwn

(121) nn wn ib n s rhn.tw ḥr.f

To whom can I speak now?

Minds have become greedy;

there is no man's mind to depend on.

 

ḏd.i n (122) mi min

nn mȝʿtyw

tȝ sp n (123) irw isft

To whom can I speak now?

There are no righteous,

the land left over to those who make disorder.

 

ḏd.i n mi min

iw šw (124) m ʿq-ib

inn.tw m ḫmm (125) r srḫt n.f

To whom can I speak now?

There is lack of an intimate;

one resorts to an unknown to reveal to.

Informations

The Debate between a Man and His Soul, extract. Middle Egyptian literary composition. Manuscrit: P. Berlin 3024; Thebes, found in a burial alongside other literary manuscripts (Sinuhe, Eloquent Peasant, Herdsman); Amenemhat III (?), ca. 1800 BCE. Composition: Dynasty 12, ca. 1950-1800 BCE

Langue / Écriture: 
égyptien
Lieu de dépôt: 
Berlin
Encre: 
Black, with some elements in red.

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